Pierpont-Morgan Bergamo (Visconti-Sforza)

The “Visconti-Sforza” decks are a family of approximately 15 trionfi decks created in the 15th century, none of which retain a complete set of cards. Probably painted by Bonifacio Bembo, an Italian painter and mini­a­tur­ist of the early-Renaissance period, their symbolism is influenced by his interest in neoplatonism. The decks are particularly admired for their beauty and the incorporation of precious materials. The cards often depict members of the Sforza and Visconti families, notably Bianca Maria Visconti and her husband Francesco I Sforza, the fourth duke of Milan.

Wheel of Fortune Death Bastoni - Knight of Batons Queen of Coins
The Moon Queen of Swords The Pope King of Coins

The Pierpont-Morgan Bergamo deck (also known as Colleoni-Baglioni and Francesco Sforza), produced around 1452, is one of the most complete decks to survive from its time period. Several cards — the Devil, the Tower, the Three of Swords and the Knight of Coins — are lost to history. The deck is divided among three collections: 35 cards are at the The Morgan Library & Museum in New York, 26 are at the Accademia Carrara di Belle Arti di Bergamo, and 13 are in a private collection.

Cards in display case

For more information, see the following articles.

See also the Cary-Yale (Visconti di Modrone) deck, to read about the related deck.

Please note that the reproduced images of this deck on this site were combined from several sources of varying quality. Some of the images were of poor quality due to lighting conditions or other factors; Photoshop was used to correct color balance and adjust contrast to bring out details, at the risk of strengthening digital artifacts or giving an inaccurate impression of the actual condition of the original physical cards.